Thanks to Tesla, the US has gained back its automotive leadership passing Japan and Germany! BMW has lost many customers to Tesla. The Tesla car is the most intelligent and travel-reliable with an extensive network of superchargers. Tesla evolves itself via (WiFi) the Internet. Tesla EV is the unreachable benchmark for all carmakers. The Tesla Model 3 is a more affordable EV than other Tesla cars. A half-million Tesla Model 3’s were pre-ordered during 2016-2017 by depositing $1000 on tesla.com. More than 100,000 orders were made in Tesla Stores on March 31 during one extended working day for Tesla, even before anybody could see the car! One of the British anchors said about the Triumph of the Tesla: Most spoiled consumers (referred to the US) in the World, who can buy any best car, standing in line all day and pay $1000 for the car that they even did not see!! Moreover: One of the old American customs is: You test-drive a car before you buy it. You can drive Tesla on any major highway, anywhere in the continental US, driving about 300 miles and charging less than an hour (Supercharger V1 2012. 130kW) between drives due to the widespread Tesla Supercharges. In 2022 any Tesla will be able to drive to Alaska and charge less than 20 minutes by 250kW V3. This means Tesla EV's do not cause Range Anxiety while other EV's are more limited to driving locally and require more planning. Now you can send your Tesla home (but the law does not allow it) and save on parking while you work downtown. It even parks itself. A nerd in the Tesla (with all those exciting features) is a kid in a candy store.
The Full Safe-Driving (FSD) features are explained on the color-coded picture below. The FSD is safer than human driving and will be even safer in the future. The FSD has contained the EAP. Some manufacturers call Tesla EAP the Super Cruise or/and Front Collision Avoidance System. Any EV with EAP shall have 2 systems present: Adaptive Cruise with Stop-and-Go and Autonomous Lane Changer (ALC) with Line Hold. All Tesla models have the hardware needed for full self-driving (FSD) capability and you can make a one-time payment anytime to engage it. With all this new terminology, for any EV purchase in the future--the logic is: FSD works only if Adaptive Cruise Control (part of EAP) has the Stop-and-Go feature. Keep in mind that if you buy an EV (not Tesla) with EAP that does not have the Stop & Go feature, it means you cannot upgrade the EV to FSD in the future, as the manufacturer does not plan the FSD to be on the EV.
BMW i3 with Renge-Extender (REx) is the best 'Serial' Hybrid Vehicle or PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle). A Serial Hybrid has just a little less efficiency as BEV because a traction motor is ONLY an electric engine while ICE produces electricity (on demand) at constant (optimal) rotation. A modern electric engine has an efficiency of about 94% versus a modern ICE -- about 20%. Parallel Hybrid (Prius or GM Volt) has twice less efficiency than BEV because ICE is making it lower. ICE efficiency is ranged between 15% (heavy Hummer) and 26% (Mazda RX.. with Wankel ICE). The ICE Thermodynamic Theoretical limit is 45%! It means ICE in the future will never exceed that efficiency! Another Efficiency approach would be an MPG (Mile Per Gallon) unit, where is BEV has 100-150 MPGe versus Parallel Hybrid (Prius) has 52 MPG. There is another point why DMV does issue an HOV sticker to BMW i3. In Europe, BMW i3 has a manual "Start REx" button where is REX may work the entire trip. Some British drivers evidently (YouTube) has driven distance about 300 miles on a single charge and a single tank (few gallons of gasoline) on BMW i3 running the small ICE entire trip. US DOT banned the "Start REx" button and the small ICE starts (on the US BMW i3) automatically when traction battery discharged below 20%. The ICE just charges battery after that, supporting the battery capacity between 20% and 10%. In this case power limited and BMW i3 can drive (no more 45-55 mph) indefinite distance (theoretically) by refueling small tank every 66 miles. The refueling and driving with a discharged battery are not recommended by the manufacturer. BMWi3 is the best serial hybrid according to its efficiency. The Main Cons - the BMW i3 has tiny "bicycle" tires and not so good drag coefficient.
The Physic of the air resistance is the same for any kind of moving vehicle, it depends on a particular vehicle drag-coefficient. Drive your EV slower if you have any doubts to reach your destination. The high MPG decrease in high speed also happens with any ICE car, but nobody cares because almost any highway exit has a gas station. According to a government's research in heavy vehicles fuel economy: "Increasing your highway cruising speed from 55mph to 75mph can raise fuel consumption as much as 20%. You can improve your gas mileage 10% – 15% by driving at 55mph rather than 65mph". A parachute has the same drag-coefficient as an old army truck. That is why trucks have a lower speed limit. And the first purpose of the "Highway Speed Limit" is a fuel economy - not a safety.
Renault Zoe is one of the best EV developed in France. It has a 43Kw 3 phase fast charger. You can buy it in Europe for about €15,000 with a monthly payment for battery leasing. Sion EV has the same leasing option.
Chevy Bolt (Opel Ampera in EU) and Korean Kona are two of the main competitor of Tesla, considering those as the best commuter and crossover (respectively) EV-s.
Sono Motors will offer you a contract of sale for the Sion in 2019. The agreement comes with a right of withdrawal and rescission of two weeks. For an additional charge, Automotive Solutions GmbH will deliver the Sion to the location of your preference, worldwide. The Sion has solar panels with a 24% efficiency of total generation peak power of 1.2kW. That means: if you leave this BEV with an empty battery and pick up it after ~3-8 sunny days then you can drive it about 100 miles on the highway for 0$/mile! A great feature for frequent flyers. Also, the Sion has a huge advantage over ICE car in Sahara desert or Tundra (in Summer) where are no gas stations and no chargers!
Audi e-Tron SUV has a towing capacity of 4000lb! It has a 150 kW fast-charger and precision German engineering. "Audi e-tron" is the EV division of Audi, a subsidiary of Volkswagen Group. All references to Audi in this website are for Audi e-Tron. We are, after all, the EV people! The fact is VW and few other car manufacturers dismissed all ICE R&D in 2019 because it is wasting. We also predict that the day will soon come when all Audi cars are electric cars.
The champion of the efficiency is Dutch-made Lightyear One because it is only one EV that uses (in order of importance):
The LightYear EV is a more advanced version of Sion, but it is a few times more expensive than Sion. The Dutch Co. claims:
The Lightyear made 450 miles (WLTP not EPA) on a highway using only 60kWh! So, simple arithmetic
for the 'roughly estimated' (not measured) Energy Consumption: 60,000Wh/450miles=133Wh per mile or 82Wh/km.
The WLTP measured efficiency is lower than estimated - 104Wh/km. Eg. The best from Tesla EPA efficiency -
And it can drive on Sahara road with speed 12mph forever (w/o air-conditioner), 3 times faster than a Camel w/o air-conditioner too.
The Fuel Economy measured in [MPGe] is proportional to the EV efficiency [Wh/mile], AKA Energy Consumption.
Here is another trick: Park it in Airport in a sunny spot with an empty battery, fly back from your trip after a few days and the battery will be full!
The main advantage: Tesla drivers do not have a Range Anxiety because of the density of Superchargers and the smart Tesla guidance. The density is approx every 100 miles on major highways (from 6 to 40 stalls) all around North America. Any EV even with CCS fast charger usually used as a local commuter versus Tesla drives at maximum highway speed anywhere in US/South Canada/Mexico. See model 3 cannonball-record 45 hours from LA to NYC. Total mileage: 2,849.
Tesla could be remote-controlled via the Internet and opened/closed by your smartphone, it also may be opened/closed by proximity Wi-Fi sensors if your phone has Wi-Fi on and Tesla app is running. But always hold your Tesla card in your pocket in case if your phone would be discharged or lost. Eg: My friend forgot his book in my car, so I gave him the location of my Tesla in San-Francisco and remotely opened and closet it (after he got it) from my hotel in Paris. The Summon is valuable when it is heavy rain -- I did wait for my Tesla about 15 minutes (walking will be faster but unpleasable) and I seated in my Tesla with a dry clause. Also, Tesla has remote climate control on your phone, Valet mode control, and others remote control those any regular car has on a car proprietory fob. You can install the Tesla app on any Android or Apple phone if you have the password/username from your Tesla account.
Tesla evolves using weekly updates via Wi-Fi. Some updates are related to security and safety and it drives itself safer after each update.
Tesla embedded a security feature in the DC charging communication protocol:
Supercharger recognizes your Tesla car (not a driver) and charges your online account w/o necessity
to use any card (credit card or any token etc.) It saves time and reports to your phone (or laptop) immediately:
a dollar amount and used energy [kWh] upon completion of your charge. It is approximately $10-$20 per 300 miles (or 75kWh) depends on a county.
The most important security derivative and endowment from this feature:
Let's suppose 2 pro-car-thieves did steal an EV-x and any Tesla. They disabled GPS on both EV-s. However, when Tesla has begun to supercharge then the owner will see his Tesla location immediately even 'all' security features are disabled. While the EV-x may be wasted. While the EV-x may be wasted.
Road trip planning or Smart Guidance includes: